Without the proper judicial and prosecutorial reforms, the transitional justice provisions included in the U.S.’s transition framework for Venezuela will prove ineffective and worse, erode confidence in the possibilities of justice.
Governments across Latin America have taken exceptional measures to stop the uncontrollable spread of COVID-19. Faced with this, there is a valid fear that these measures could exacerbate abuses of power or increase human rights violations.
Taking advantage of the demonstrations that flared across Latin America at the end of 2019, outside actors worked to push legitimate social protest to violent extremes as a part of a deliberate destabilization strategy.
Juan Guaidó’s swearing in as interim president on January 23, 2019 and his recognition by more than 50 countries as Venezuela’s legitimate president has consolidated him as the leader of the opposition. But real power remains elusive for the young leader. What must happen to finally trigger change in Venezuela?
Despite ongoing mass mobilizations, Venezuela will likely remain in flux for the foreseeable future. Backed by powerful external (illiberal) allies, the Maduro regime doesn’t have to play by the rules.