This report examines the security, political, institutional, economic, demographic, and technological trends in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Despite the tendency to often lump the region together in examining regional political and economic trends, there are great differences between countries.
The countries of Central America—Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama— face many of the same challenges. The most obvious and publicly discussed of these challenges is crime and insecurity, stemming both from the subregion’s unfortunate geographic location between cocaine producing countries to its south and cocaine consuming countries to the north—primarily the United States— and domestic gang violence and corruption.
The Caribbean basin is one the most culturally and linguistically diverse regions of the world. While the broader Caribbean basin includes island nations and territories as well as countries on the mainland, including Mexico and parts of Central and South America, this study focuses primarily on the sovereign island nations of the Caribbean, as well as the members of the Caribbean Community.